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Thursday, March 23th 2017

Today is the 82nd day of 2017.  There are 283 days left in this year.

What Happened On This Day In History?

1743 George Frideric Handel's oratorio ''Messiah'' had its London premiere.
1775 Patrick Henry made his famous call for America's independence from Britain, telling the Virginia Provincial Convention, ''Give me liberty, or give me death!''
1792 Joseph Haydn's Symphony No. 94 in G Major, also known as the ''Surprise Symphony,'' was performed publicly for the first time, in London.
1806 Explorers Lewis and Clark, having reached the Pacific coast, began their journey back east.
1919 Benito Mussolini founded his Fascist political movement in Milan, Italy.
1933 The German Reichstag adopted the Enabling Act, which effectively granted Adolf Hitler dictatorial legislative powers.
1942 During World War II, the U.S. government began moving Japanese-Americans from their West Coast homes to detention centers.
1956 Pakistan became an independent republic within the British Commonwealth.
1965 America's first two-person space flight began as Gemini 3 blasted off from Cape Kennedy with astronauts Virgil I. Grissom and John W. Young aboard.
1983 President Reagan first proposed development of technology to intercept enemy missiles - a proposal known as the Strategic Defense Initiative, as well as ''Star Wars.''
1990 Former Exxon Valdez Captain Joseph Hazelwood was sentenced by a judge in Anchorage, Alaska, to help clean up Prince William Sound and pay $50,000 in restitution for his role in the 1989 oil spill.
1994 Wayne Gretzky broke Gordie Howe's National Hockey League career record with his 802nd goal.
1998 The Supreme Court ruled that term limits for state lawmakers are constitutional.
1998 At the Academy Awards, ''Titanic'' tied a record with 11 Oscars, including best picture, best director and best song.

Died on this day

1983 Dr. Barney Clark, recipient of a permanent artificial heart, died at the University of Utah Medical Center after 112 days with the device.
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