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Saturday, November 28th 2020

Today is the 333rd day of 2020.  There are 32 days left in this year.

What Happened On This Day In History?

1520 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing through the South American strait that now bears his name.
1660 The Royal Society was chartered in London.
1868 Mt. Etna in Sicily violently erupted.
1895 The first automobile race took place, 54 miles, between Chicago and Waukegan, Ill.
1905 Sinn Fein (Gaelic for "we ourselves"), a political party dedicated to independence for all of Ireland, was founded in Dublin by Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith.
1912 Albania declared its independence after more than 400 years of Turkish rule.
1919 American-born Lady Astor became the first woman elected to the British Parliament.
1925 George D. Hay along with championship fiddler, Uncle Jimmy Thompson launched the radio program "WSM Barn Dance" on station WSM in Nashville, Tennessee. He renamed the show the Grand Ole Opry in 1927.
1929 American explorer Richard Byrd begins his flight over the South Pole.
1942 Fire destroyed the Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston, killing nearly 500 people.
1943 President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin met in Tehran during World War II.
1948 Edwin Land's first Polaroid cameras went on sale.
1958 The African nation of Chad became an autonomous republic within the French community.
1960 Mauritania gained independence from France.
1963 Cape Canaveral, Florida, was renamed Cape Kennedy.
1964 Mariner 4 was launched, the first successful mission to Mars, taking photographs and instrument readings.
1975 President Ford nominated Federal Judge John Paul Stevens to the U.S. Supreme Court seat vacated by William O. Douglas.
1990 Margaret Thatcher resigned as prime minister of Britain during an audience with Queen Elizabeth II, who conferred the premiership on John Major.
1994 Norway has for a second time rejected membership of the European Union in a referendum after a closely-fought campaign.
1994 Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer was murdered in the Columbia Correctional Institute in Portage, Wisconsin, by a fellow inmate.
1995 President Clinton signed a bill that ended the federal 55 mph speed limit.
1996 Algerians approved a new constitution and effectively banned Islamic-based parties.
1999 Hsing-Hsing, a giant panda who arrived at the National Zoo in 1972 as a symbol of U.S.-China detente, was euthanized at age 28 because of his deteriorating health.
1999 Eleven people are injured in a sword attack at a church in south London after a naked man wielding a Samurai sword bursts in during Sunday Mass.
2000 George W. Bush's lawyers asked the U.S. Supreme Court to bring ''legal finality'' to the presidential election by ending any further ballot recounts; Al Gore's team countered that the nation's highest court should not interfere in Florida's recount disput
2007 Former Representative Henry J. Hyde, who won battles to prohibit federal funding of abortions and to impeach President Clinton died in Chicago at age 83 of complications from heart surgery.

Born on this day

1628 John Bunyan, English preacher and writer.
1632 Jean Baptiste Lully, French composer
1757 William Blake, English poet, painter, and engraver
1820 Friedrich Engels, German Socialist philosopher.
1853 Helen Magill White, educator and first American woman to earn a Ph.D. degree.
1904 Nancy Mitford, British satiric novelist and essayist.
1908 Claude Lévi-Strauss, French anthropologist.
1929 Berry Gordy, Jr., American recording executive and founder of Motown Records.
1944 Randy Newman, American pop singer
1949 Paul Schaffer, Canadian-born musician and composer, bandleader on "The Late Show with David Letterman."
1962 Jon Stewart, American comedian, satirist, actor, author, and producer, best known as host of "The Daily Show."

Died on this day

1859 Washington Irving, American novelist and short-story writer, best known for the stories "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip Van Winkle."
1954 Enrico Fermi, Italian-born American physicist who was one of the primary inventors of the nuclear age.
1994 Jerry Rubin, American political activist in the 1960s turned financier and businessman. He was a founding member of the Yippies and a "Chicago Seven" defendant. He died in Los Angeles at age 56, two weeks after he was hit by a car.
2000 Sir Malcolm Bradbury, British author and academic.
2007 Arthur Jones, the inventor or the Nautilus system of exercise equipment, died at his home in Ocala, Florida at age 80.
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