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Friday, October 23th 2020

Today is the 297th day of 2020.  There are 68 days left in this year.

What Happened On This Day In History?

1864 During the U.S. Civil War, Union forces led by Gen. Samuel R. Curtis defeated the Confederate forces in Missouri that were under Gen. Stirling Price.
1910 Blanche S. Scott became the first woman to make a public solo airplane flight in the United States.
1915 Some 25,000 women marched in New York City demanding the right to vote.
1915 The first U.S. championship horseshoe tourney was held in Kellerton, IA.
1929 In the U.S., the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged starting the stock-market crash that began the Great Depression.
1930 J.K. Scott won the first miniature golf tournament. The event was held in Chattanooga, TN.
1942 Britain launched a major offensive against Axis forces at El Alamein in Egypt during World War II.
1944 During World War II, the Battle of Leyte Gulf began.
1946 The United Nations General Assembly convened in New York for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing Meadow.
1956 An anti-Stalinist revolt began in Hungary. Soviet troops later crushed the uprising.
1956 NBC broadcasted the first videotape recording. The tape of Jonathan Winters was seen coast to coast in the U.S.
1958 Russian poet and novelist Boris Pasternak was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. He was forced to refuse the honor due to negative Soviet reaction. Pasternak won the award for writing "Dr. Zhivago".
1962 During the Cuban Missile Crisis, the U.S. naval "quarantine" of Cuba was approved by the Council of the Organization of American States (OAS).
1962 The U.S. Navy reconnaissance squadron VFP-62 began overflights of Cuba under the code name "Blue Moon."
1971 The U.N. General Assembly voted to expel Taiwan and seat Communist China.
1973 President Nixon agreed to turn White House tape recordings requested by the Watergate special prosecutor over to Judge John J. Sirica.
1978 China and Japan exchanged treaty ratification documents in Tokyo, formally ending four decades of hostility.
1980 The resignation of Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin was announced.
1983 A suicide truck-bombing at Beirut International Airport in Lebanon killed 241 United States Marines and sailors; a near-simultaneous attack on French forces killed 58 paratroopers.
1987 The U.S. Senate rejected the Supreme Court nomination of Robert H. Bork on a 58-42 vote.
1989 In a case that inflamed racial tensions in Boston, Charles Stuart claimed he and his pregnant wife, Carol, had been shot in their car by a black robber. Carol Stuart and her prematurely delivered baby died; Charles Stuart later died, an apparent suicide,
1989 Hungary became an independent republic, after 33 years of Soviet rule.
1992 Japanese Emperor Akihito became the first Japanese emperor to stand on Chinese soil.
1992 A former French health official was sentenced to four years in prison for allowing 1,200 hemophiliacs to receive AIDS-tainted blood.
1993 Toronto Blue Jays outfielder Joe Carter became only the second player to end the World Series with a home run. His three-run shot in the ninth inning gave Toronto an 8-6 victory over the Philadelphia Phillies in Game 6.
1995 A jury in Houston convicted Yolanda Saldivar of murdering Tejano singing star Selena.
1995 Russian President Boris Yeltsin and U.S. President Bill Clinton agree to a joint peacekeeping effort in the war-torn Bosnia.
1996 The civil trial of O.J. Simpson opened in Santa Monica, Calif. Simpson was later found liable in the deaths of his ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman.
1997 British au pair Louise Woodward, charged with murdering a baby in her care, testified at her trial in Cambridge, Mass., that she'd never hurt 8-month-old Matthew Eappen, saying, ''I love kids.''
1998 Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat signed a breakthrough land-for-peace West Bank agreement at the White House. The deal followed nine days of talks at Wye River, Md.
1998 Japan nationalized its first bank since World War II.
1998 Dr. Barnett Slepian, a doctor who performed legal abortions, was killed at his home in suburban Buffalo, NY, by sniper fire through his kitchen window. James Kopp was charged with second-degree murder.

Born on this day

1869 John (William) Heisman was born. He is recognized as one of the greatest innovators of the game of football.

Died on this day

1998 Dr. Barnett Slepian, a doctor who performed legal abortions, was killed at his home in suburban Buffalo, N.Y., when a sniper fired through his kitchen window.
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