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Tuesday, November 12th 2019

Today is the 316th day of 2019.  There are 49 days left in this year.

What Happened On This Day In History?

1799 American astronomer Andrew Ellicott Douglass witnesses the first meteor shower on record, the Leonids meteor shower, from a ship off the Florida Keys.
1859 The first flying trapeze act was performed by Jules Leotard at Cirque Napoleon in Paris, France. He was also the designer of the garment that is named after him.
1892 William "Pudge" Heffelfinger became the first professional football player when he was paid a $500 bonus for helping the Allegheny Athletic Association beat the Pittsburgh Athletic Club.
1893 The Foreign Secretary of British India and the Amir of Afghanistan signed the Durand Line Agreement, establishing what is now the international border between Afghanistan and modern-day Pakistan.
1915 Theodore W. Richards, of Harvard University, became the first American to be awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry.
1918 Austria and Czechoslovakia were declared independent republics.
1920 Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis was elected baseball's first commissioner.
1921 Representatives of nine nations gathered for the start of the Washington Conference for Limitation of Armaments.
1927 Josef Stalin became the undisputed ruler of the Soviet Union as Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party.
1931 Maple Leaf Gardens opened in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It was to be the new home of the Toronto Maple Leafs in the National Hockey League (NHL).
1933 In Philadelphia, the first Sunday football game was played.
1936 The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opened to traffic.
1942 The World War II naval Battle of Guadalcanal began. The Americans eventually won a major victory over the Japanese.
1944 During World War II, the German battleship "Tirpitz" was sunk off the coast of Norway.
1946 The first drive-up banking facility opened at the Exchange National Bank in Chicago, IL.
1948 An international war crimes tribunal in Tokyo passes death sentences on seven Japanese military and government officials, including General Tojo Hideki, who served as premier of Japan from 1941 to 1944.
1953 The National Football League (NFL) policy of blacking out home games was upheld by Judge Allan K. Grim of the U.S. District Court in Philadelphia.
1954 Ellis Island closed after processing more than 20 million immigrants since opening in New York Harbor in 1892.
1964 Paula Murphy set the female land speed record 226.37 MPH.
1971 U.S. President Richard Nixon proclaims the end of the U.S. offensive role in the Vietnam War and withdraws 45,000 troops
1972 Don Shula, coach of the Miami Dolphins, became the first NFL head coach to win 100 regular season games in 10 seasons.
1975 U.S. Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas retired because of failing health, ending a record 36½-year term.
1979 U.S. President Carter ordered a halt to all oil imports from Iran in response to 63 Americans being taken hostage at the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran on November 4.
1980 The U.S. space probe Voyager I came within 77,000 miles of Saturn while transmitting data back to Earth.
1982 Yuri V. Andropov was elected to succeed the late Leonid I. Brezhnev as general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee.
1984 Space shuttle astronauts Dale Gardner and Joe Allen snared the Palapa B-2 satellite in history's first space salvage.
1985 In Norfolk, VA, Arthur James Walker was sentenced to life in prison for his role in a spy ring run by his brother, John A. Walker Jr.
1987 The American Medical Association issued a policy statement saying it was unethical for a doctor to refuse to treat someone solely because that person had AIDS or is HIV-positive.
1990 Japanese Emperor Akihito formally assumed the Chrysanthemum Throne.
1995 The space shuttle Atlantis blasted off on a mission to dock with the Russian space station Mir.
1996 Jonathan Schmitz was convicted of second-degree murder for shooting Scott Amedure, a gay man who'd revealed a crush on Schmitz during a taping of the''The Jenny Jones Show.'' Schmitz was sentenced to 25 to 50 years in prison.
1997 Ramzi Yousef was found guilty of masterminding the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center.
1997 The UN Security Council imposed new sanctions on Iraq for constraints being placed on UN arms inspectors.
1997 Four Americans and their Pakistani driver were shot to death in Karachi, Pakistan. The Americans were oil company employees.
1998 Daimler-Benz completed a merger with Chrysler to form Daimler-Chrysler AG
1999 President Clinton signed a sweeping measure knocking down Depression-era barriers and allowing banks, investment firms and insurance companies to sell each other's products.
1999 An earthquake struck western Turkey, killing at least 834 people.
2001 American Airlines flight 587 crashed just minutes after take off from Kennedy Airport in New York. The Airbus A300 crashed into the Rockaway Beach section of Queens. All 260 people aboard were killed.
2001 It was reported that the Northern Alliance had taken Kabul, Afghanistan, from the ruling Taliban. The Norther Alliance was reported to have control over most of the northern areas of Afghanistan.
2002 Stan Lee filed a lawsuit against Marvel Entertainment Inc. that claimed the company had cheated him out of millions of dollars in movie profits related to the 2002 movie "Spider-Man."

Born on this day

1676 Giovanni Antonio Pollarolo, composer
1748 Carlos IV, King of Spain, 1788-1808
1815 American suffragist Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born in Johnstown, NY.
1817 Baha'u'llah, Mirza Husayn Ali, founded Baha'i faith
1827 Gustav Adolf Merkel, composer
1840 Sculptor Auguste Rodin was born in Paris. His most widely known works are "The Kiss" and "The Thinker."
1866 Sun Yat-sen, father of modern China, ROC and PRC, traditional
1889 DeWitt Wallace, St. Paul, Minnesota, publisher, founded Readers Digest, 1921

Died on this day

1993 H.R. Haldeman, former Nixon White House chief of staff, died in Santa Barbara, Calif., at age 67.
2001 Albert Hague, composer, How the Grinch Stole Christmas, dies at 81
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